LeetCode C++ 278. First Bad Version【Binary Search】简单

You are a product manager and currently leading a team to develop a new product. Unfortunately, the latest version of your product fails the quality check. Since each version is developed based on the previous version, all the versions after a bad version are also bad.

Suppose you have n versions [1, 2, ..., n] and you want to find out the first bad one, which causes all the following ones to be bad.

You are given an API bool isBadVersion(version) which returns whether version is bad. Implement a function to find the first bad version. You should minimize the number of calls to the API.

Example 1:

Input: n = 5, bad = 4
Output: 4
Explanation:
call isBadVersion(3) -> false
call isBadVersion(5) -> true
call isBadVersion(4) -> true
Then 4 is the first bad version.

Example 2:

Input: n = 1, bad = 1
Output: 1

Constraints: 1 <= bad <= n <= 2^31 - 1

题意:实现一个函数来查找第一个错误的版本。尽量减少对调用 API 的次数。


解法 二分

// The API isBadVersion is defined for you.
// bool isBadVersion(int version);
class Solution {
public:
    int firstBadVersion(int n) {
        int lo = 0, hi = n;
        while (lo < hi) {
            int m = lo + (hi - lo) / 2;
            if (isBadVersion(m)) hi = m;
            else lo = m + 1;
        }
        return lo;
    }
};

执行结果如下:

执行用时:0 ms, 在所有 C++ 提交中击败了100.00% 的用户
内存消耗:6.2 MB, 在所有 C++ 提交中击败了17.83% 的用户
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